Queensland's harvest fisheries are distinguished by their collection methods which are mostly by hand or by using hand-held implements. Many collectors use underwater breathing apparatus such as SCUBA or hookah.
The commercial harvest fishery collects a range of species of molluscs, sea cucumbers, crustaceans, corals and fish. The main harvest fisheries are:
There are also minor fisheries for bait (bloodworms, yabbies, beachworms) and for shells including pearl shell and some prime shell specimens taken by collectors.